Existing approaches to artificial intelligence for self-driving cars don’t account for the fact that people might try to use the autonomous vehicles to do something bad, researchers report.
For example, let’s say that there is an autonomous vehicle with no passengers and it’s about to crash into a car containing five people. It can avoid the collision by swerving out of the road, but it would then hit a pedestrian.
Most discussions of ethics in this scenario focus on whether the autonomous vehicle’s AI should be selfish (protecting the vehicle and its cargo) or utilitarian (choosing the action that harms the fewest people). But that either/or approach to ethics can raise problems of its own.
“Current approaches to ethics and autonomous vehicles are a dangerous oversimplification — moral judgment is more complex than that,” says Veljko Dubljević, an assistant professor in the Science, Technology & Society (STS) program at North Carolina State University and author of a paper outlining this problem and a possible path forward.
“For example, what if the five people in the car are terrorists? And what if they are deliberately taking advantage of the AI’s programming to kill the nearby pedestrian or hurt other people? Then you might want the autonomous vehicle to hit the car with five passengers.
“In other words, the simplistic approach currently being used to address ethical considerations in AI and autonomous vehicles doesn’t account for malicious intent. And it should.”
As an alternative, Dubljević proposes using the so-called Agent-Deed-Consequence (ADC) model as a framework that AIs could use to make moral judgements. The ADC model judges the morality of a decision based on three variables.
First, is the agent’s intent good or bad? Second, is the deed or action itself good or bad? Lastly, is the outcome or consequence good or bad? This approach allows for considerable nuance.
For example, most people would agree that running a red light is bad. But what if you run a red light in order to get out of the way of a speeding ambulance? And what if running the red light means that you avoided a collision with that ambulance?
“The ADC model would allow us to get closer to the flexibility and stability that we see in human moral judgment, but that does not yet exist in AI,” says Dubljević.
“Here’s what I mean by stable and flexible. Human moral judgment is stable because most people would agree that lying is morally bad. But it’s flexible because most people would also agree that people who lied to Nazis in order to protect Jews were doing something morally good.
“But while the ADC model gives us a path forward, more research is needed,” Dubljević says. “I have led experimental work on how both philosophers and lay people approach moral judgment, and the results were valuable. However, that work gave people information in writing. More studies of human moral judgment are needed that rely on more immediate means of communication, such as virtual reality, if we want to confirm our earlier findings and implement them in AVs.
“Also, vigorous testing with driving simulation studies should be done before any putatively ‘ethical’ AVs start sharing the road with humans on a regular basis. Vehicle terror attacks have, unfortunately, become more common, and we need to be sure that AV technology will not be misused for nefarious purposes.”
The paper appears in the journal Science and Engineering Ethics.
This article was posted from Futurity.
Original post: https://gcn.com/articles/2020/07/10/ethical-autonomous-vehicles.aspx
67 comentários em “AI for self-driving cars doesn’t account for crime”
I’m the co-founder of JustCBD Store brand (justcbdstore.com) and am seeking to develop my wholesale side of business. I am hoping someone at targetdomain can help me 🙂 I considered that the very best way to accomplish this would be to reach out to vape stores and cbd retail stores. I was hoping if someone could recommend a trusted website where I can buy Vape Shop B2B Direct Mail List I am currently checking out creativebeartech.com, theeliquidboutique.co.uk and wowitloveithaveit.com. On the fence which one would be the most suitable selection and would appreciate any assistance on this. Or would it be simpler for me to scrape my own leads? Suggestions?
I’m the business owner of JustCBD Store label (justcbdstore.com) and I’m presently looking to expand my wholesale side of business. It would be great if someone at targetdomain give me some advice 🙂 I thought that the best way to do this would be to reach out to vape stores and cbd retail stores. I was really hoping if anybody at all could recommend a dependable web site where I can buy Vape Shop B2B Business Data List I am already looking at creativebeartech.com, theeliquidboutique.co.uk and wowitloveithaveit.com. On the fence which one would be the most suitable choice and would appreciate any advice on this. Or would it be simpler for me to scrape my own leads? Suggestions?
This is the perfect blog for anyone who wishes to understand this topic. You realize so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I personally would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a topic that has been written about for a long time. Great stuff, just great!
Pretty! This was an incredibly wonderful post. Thanks for providing these details.
Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Many thanks, However I am encountering troubles with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I cannot join it. Is there anyone else having the same RSS issues? Anyone who knows the answer will you kindly respond? Thanks!!
I truly love your site.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you build this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m looking to create my own personal website and want to know where you got this from or what the theme is named. Cheers!
After looking into a few of the articles on your website, I seriously appreciate your technique of blogging. I book marked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Take a look at my website too and let me know your opinion.
Howdy! This article could not be written much better! Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept preaching about this. I most certainly will send this article to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!
Howdy! I just want to offer you a huge thumbs up for the excellent information you have here on this post. I am coming back to your web site for more soon.
Good article. I am going through some of these issues as well..
Right here is the perfect webpage for anyone who hopes to understand this topic. You realize a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I really would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a brand new spin on a topic that’s been discussed for a long time. Great stuff, just great!
Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am going through problems with your RSS. I don’t know why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anybody having the same RSS issues? Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanks!!
Hello there, There’s no doubt that your website could possibly be having browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in I.E., it’s got some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Besides that, great website!
Pretty! This was an extremely wonderful post. Thank you for supplying these details.
There is definately a great deal to find out about this topic. I love all the points you made.
I quite like reading an article that will make men and women think. Also, many thanks for allowing me to comment!
You need to take part in a contest for one of the finest blogs on the net. I most certainly will recommend this blog!
This site really has all the info I needed about this subject and didn’t know who to ask.
Saved as a favorite, I like your website!
Spot on with this write-up, I seriously believe this site needs much more attention. I’ll probably be returning to read more, thanks for the information!
May I just say what a comfort to discover a person that truly knows what they’re discussing online. You definitely know how to bring a problem to light and make it important. More and more people ought to read this and understand this side of the story. I can’t believe you are not more popular given that you definitely possess the gift.
You’ve made some decent points there. I looked on the net for additional information about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.
Good post! We are linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the great writing.
I seriously love your site.. Excellent colors & theme. Did you make this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m planning to create my very own website and would like to learn where you got this from or what the theme is called. Thanks!
Aw, this was a really nice post. Taking a few minutes and actual effort to generate a good article… but what can I say… I hesitate a lot and don’t seem to get nearly anything done.
Right here is the right website for anybody who wants to understand this topic. You understand so much its almost tough to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a new spin on a topic that’s been written about for many years. Great stuff, just wonderful!
Hello there! I simply wish to give you a huge thumbs up for your great information you’ve got right here on this post. I am returning to your blog for more soon.
Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you
relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your site when you could be giving us something
enlightening to read?
Your style is very unique in comparison to other folks I have read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this web site.
Hello! I could have sworn I’ve visited this website before but after looking at some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Regardless, I’m certainly happy I stumbled upon it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly!
Your style is really unique compared to other folks I have read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this web site.
Very nice article. I definitely love this site. Keep it up!
Great post! We will be linking to this particularly great article on our site. Keep up the good writing.
Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thank you so much, However I am encountering troubles with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I am unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting identical RSS issues? Anybody who knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanx!!
I’m amazed, I have to admit. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s equally educative and engaging, and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The issue is something that too few men and women are speaking intelligently about. Now i’m very happy that I came across this in my hunt for something concerning this.
Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you so much, However I am encountering problems with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I am unable to join it. Is there anybody else having similar RSS issues? Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanx!!
I was able to find good information from your blog posts.
Your style is unique compared to other folks I’ve read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this site.
Very good info. Lucky me I found your site by accident (stumbleupon). I have saved it for later!
There is definately a great deal to know about this subject. I really like all the points you made.
Greetings! Very helpful advice within this article! It’s the little changes that will make the most important changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!
I was extremely pleased to uncover this page. I want to to thank you for your time due to this fantastic read!! I definitely liked every part of it and I have you saved to fav to check out new things in your site.
I needed to thank you for this excellent read!! I certainly loved every bit of it. I’ve got you book-marked to check out new things you post…
Hi, I do believe this is an excellent web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to return once again since I book-marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people.
You should be a part of a contest for one of the highest quality blogs online. I am going to recommend this blog!
This page definitely has all of the info I needed about this subject and didn’t know who to ask.
Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon everyday. It’s always useful to read articles from other writers and practice a little something from their web sites.
Hi! I could have sworn I’ve visited this website before but after looking at many of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m certainly happy I stumbled upon it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!
Good day! I could have sworn I’ve visited your blog before but after browsing through many of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m certainly happy I came across it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly!
Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday. It will always be interesting to read through articles from other authors and use a little something from other web sites.
Good day! I could have sworn I’ve been to this web site before but after looking at many of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely pleased I came across it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back often!
Howdy! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so I came to look it over. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Fantastic blog and brilliant design and style.|
Aw, this was an exceptionally good post. Taking the time and actual effort to create a really good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and never manage to get nearly anything done.
Right here is the right web site for everyone who really wants to understand this topic. You know a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a topic that has been discussed for many years. Great stuff, just wonderful!
Fantastic Fresh Chicken
Thanks for finally talking about > AI for self-driving cars doesn’t account for
crime – Adolfo Eliazàt – Artificial Intelligence –
AI News < Liked it!