DeepMind researchers propose rebuilding the AI industry on a base of anticolonialism
Take the latest VB Survey to share how your company is implementing AI today.


Researchers from Google’s DeepMind and the University of Oxford recommend that AI practitioners draw on decolonial theory to reform the industry, put ethical principles into practice, and avoid further algorithmic exploitation or oppression.

The researchers detailed how to build AI systems while critically examining colonialism and colonial forms of AI already in use in a preprint paper released Thursday. The paper was coauthored by William Isaac and Shakir Mohamed, DeepMind research scientists, and Marie-Therese Png, an Oxford doctoral student and one-time DeepMind Ethics and Society intern who previously worked as an advisor to the United Nations Secretary General’s High-level Panel on Digital Cooperation.

The researchers posit that power is at the heart of ethics debates and that conversations about power are incomplete if they do not include historical context and recognize the structural legacy of colonialism that continues to inform power dynamics today. They further argue that inequities like racial capitalism, class inequality, and heteronormative patriarchy have roots in colonialism and that we need to recognize these power dynamics when designing AI systems to avoid perpetuating such harms.

“Any commitment to building the responsible and beneficial AI of the future ties us to the hierarchies, philosophy, and technology inherited from the past, and a renewed responsibility to the technology of the present,” the paper reads. “This is needed in order to better align our research and technology development with established and emerging ethical principles and regulation, and to empower vulnerable peoples who, so often, bear the brunt of negative impacts of innovation and scientific progress.”

The paper incorporates a range of suggestions, such as analyzing data colonialism and decolonization of data relationships and employing the critical technical approach to AI development Philip Agre proposed in 1997.

The notion of anticolonial AI builds on a growing body of AI research that stresses the importance of including feedback from people most impacted by AI systems. An article released in Nature earlier this week argues that the AI community must ask how systems shift power and asserts that “an indifferent field serves the powerful.” VentureBeat explored how power shapes AI ethics in a special issue last fall. Power dynamics were also a main topic of discussion at the ACM FAccT conference held in early 2020 as more businesses and national governments consider how to put AI ethics principles into practice.

The DeepMind paper interrogates how colonial features are found in algorithmic decision-making systems and what the authors call “sites of coloniality,” or practices that can perpetuate colonial AI. These include beta testing on disadvantaged communities — like Cambridge Analytica conducting tests in Kenya and Nigeria or Palantir using predictive policing to target Black residents of New Orleans. There’s also “ghost work,” the practice of relying on low-wage workers for data labeling and AI system development. Some argue ghost work can lead to the creation of a new global underclass.

The authors define “algorithmic exploitation” as the ways institutions or businesses use algorithms to take advantage of already marginalized people and “algorithmic oppression” as the subordination of a group of people and privileging of another through the use of automation or data-driven predictive systems.

Ethics principles from groups like G20 and OECD feature in the paper, as well as issues like AI nationalism and the rise of the U.S. and China as AI superpowers.

“Power imbalances within the global AI governance discourse encompasses issues of data inequality and data infrastructure sovereignty, but also extends beyond this. We must contend with questions of who any AI regulatory norms and standards are protecting, who is empowered to project these norms, and the risks posed by a minority continuing to benefit from the centralization of power and capital through mechanisms of dispossession,” the paper reads. Tactics the authors recommend include political community action, critical technical practice, and drawing on past examples of resistance and recovery from colonialist systems.

A number of members of the AI ethics community, from relational ethics researcher Abeba Birhane to Partnership on AI, have called on machine learning practitioners to place people who are most impacted by algorithmic systems at the center of development processes. The paper explores concepts similar to those in a recent paper about how to combat anti-Blackness in the AI community, Ruha Benjamin’s concept of abolitionist tools, and ideas of emancipatory AI.

The authors also incorporate a sentiment expressed in an open letter Black members of the AI and computing community released last month during Black Lives Matter protests, which asks AI practitioners to recognize the ways their creations may support racism and systemic oppression in areas like housing, education, health care, and employment.

 

Original post: https://venturebeat.com/2020/07/11/deepmind-researchers-propose-rebuilding-the-ai-industry-on-a-base-of-anticolonialism/

6 comentários em “DeepMind researchers propose rebuilding the AI industry on a base of anticolonialism

  1. I am the proprietor of JustCBD company (justcbdstore.com) and I am currently aiming to expand my wholesale side of business. I am hoping someone at targetdomain share some guidance 🙂 I thought that the most suitable way to do this would be to reach out to vape companies and cbd retail stores. I was hoping if anyone could suggest a reputable site where I can purchase CBD Shops B2B Data List I am already looking at creativebeartech.com, theeliquidboutique.co.uk and wowitloveithaveit.com. Unsure which one would be the very best solution and would appreciate any guidance on this. Or would it be easier for me to scrape my own leads? Suggestions?

  2. I’m the co-founder of JustCBD company (justcbdstore.com) and am planning to broaden my wholesale side of company. I really hope that anybody at targetdomain can help me ! I thought that the most suitable way to do this would be to connect to vape stores and cbd stores. I was hoping if anybody at all could recommend a trustworthy web site where I can buy CBD Shops B2B DATA I am presently examining creativebeartech.com, theeliquidboutique.co.uk and wowitloveithaveit.com. Not exactly sure which one would be the very best choice and would appreciate any support on this. Or would it be easier for me to scrape my own leads? Suggestions?

  3. HoOkAh MaGic наш официальный бренд
    Набрав в поисковике Вы можете посетить наш сайт
    и возможно приобрести кальяны и всё для них.
    Доставка по всей России
    Бесплатная консультация
    Отправка в день заказа
    Персональные скидки
    Строго 18+

  4. Hi, I do think this is a great website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to revisit yet again since I bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people.

  5. Ищите Нас…

    #Hookahmagic

    В настоящее время стало очень популярным курить кальяны. Это ему объяснение. Во-первых, кальян помогает снимать стресс. Во-вторых, люди, которые отказались от обычных сигарет или находятся в процессе отказа, используют кальян в качестве замены вредной привычки.
    Приобрести кальян, аксессуары, табак для кальяна дешево можно в специализированном магазине. Продавцы консультанты всегда помогут подобрать лучший вариант. Но не все специалисты смогут ответить на главные вопросы курильщика: «Какие виды кальяна бывают?», «Сколько можно курить по времени?», «Почему иногда болит голова от кальяна?» и так далее. Всё это будет описано ниже в статье.
    Какие бывают кальяны
    В определенных барах персонал обычно начинают свой разговор с фразы: «Какой табак для кальяна вы бы хотели выбрать?». Но никогда не спрашивают какой кальян человек хотел бы покурить. Многие курильщики считают, что самое важное в таком процессе только лишь табак. Сами же кальяны обычно различают только по цвету и остальным внешним признакам. Курение могут испортить и другие факторы.

    https://h-magic.su/flow

    К таким можно отнести:
    Бренд кальяна;
    Материал изготовления;
    Способ забивки;
    Размер колбы.

    Мы всегда с Вами и стараемся нести только позитив и радость.
    Ищите Нас в соцсетях,подписывайтесь и будьте в курсе последних топовых событий.
    Amy,Tortuga,Alfa Hookah…
    Строго 18+

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *