Educated yet amoral: AI capable of writing books sparks awe

An artificial intelligence (AI) technology made by a firm co-founded by billionaire Elon Musk has won praise for its ability to generate coherent stories, novels and even computer code but it remains blind to racism or sexism.

GPT-3, as Californian company OpenAI’s latest AI language  is known, is capable of completing a dialogue between two people, continuing a series of questions and answers or finishing a Shakespeare-style poem.

Start a sentence or text and it completes it for you, basing its response on the gigantic amount of information it has been fed.

This could come in useful for , lawyers needing to sum up a legal precedent or for authors in need of inspiration.

While the technology is not new and has not yet learnt to reason like a , OpenAI’s latest offering has won praise for the way its text resembles human writing.

“It is capable of generating very natural and plausible sentences,” says Bruce Delattre, an AI specialist at data consulting agency Artefact.

“It’s impressive to see how much the model is able to appropriate literary styles, even if there are repetitions.”

GPT-3 is also capable of finding precise responses to problems, such as the name of an illness from a description of symptoms.

It can solve some mathematical problems, express itself in several languages, or generate  for simple tasks that developers have to do but would happily avoid.

Delattre tells AFP it all works thanks to “statistical regularities”.

“The model knows that a particular word (or expression) is more or less likely to follow another.”

Billions of web pages

Amine Benhenni, scientific director at AI research and development firm Dataswati, tells AFP that “the big difference” compared to other systems is the size of the model.

GPT-3 has been fed the content of billions of web pages that are freely available online and all types of pieces of written work.

To give an idea of the magnitude of the project, the entire content of online encyclopaedia Wikipedia represents just three percent of all the information it has been given.

As such, it does not need to be retrained to perform tasks, as previous models did, when a new subject is introduced like medicine, law or the media.

Give it just a handful of examples of a task to do, such as completing a sentence, and it will then know how to complete any sentence it is given, no matter what the subject—a so-called “few-shot” language model.

“It’s amazingly powerful if you know how to prime the model well,” Shreya Shankar, an AI-specialised computer scientist, said on Twitter after having used GPT-3.

“It’s going to change the ML () paradigm.”

Despite the hype, however, GPT-3 is only 10th on the SuperGLUE benchmark that measures the language-understanding of algorithms.

And that’s because some users demonstrated that when asked absurd questions, the model responds with senseless answers.

For instance, developer Kevin Lacker asked: “How many eyes does the sun have?”

“The sun has one eye,” it responded, Lacker wrote on his blog.

Fake reviews, fake news

Claude de Loupy, co-founder of French start-up Syllabs that specialises in automated text creation, says the system lacks “pragmatism”.

Another major problem is that it replicates without a second thought any stereotype or hate speech fed during its training period, and can quickly become racist, anti-semitic or sexist.

As such, experts interviewed by AFP felt GPT-3 was not reliable enough for any sector needing to rely on machines, such as robo-journalism or customer services.

It can however be useful, like other similar models, for writing fake reviews or even mass-producing news stories for a disinformation campaign.

Concerned about “malicious applications of the technology,” OpenAI, which was co-founded in 2015 by Musk who has since left, and is financed by Microsoft among others, chose not to release the previous version of the model, GPT-2, in February 2019.

Originally a non-profit, OpenAI then became a “capped profit” company, which means investors get a capped return.

And in June, the firm changed tack and opened its GPT-3 model to commercial use, allowing for user feedback.

A step Claude de Loupy says could yield big profits.

There is “no doubt that the amount of text generated by AI is about to explode on the web”.

 

Original post: https://techxplore.com/news/2020-09-amoral-ai-capable-awe.html

52 comentários em “Educated yet amoral: AI capable of writing books sparks awe

  1. It’s easy to make a wreath in any model. The traditional rosette form and pink-tipped leaves make the houseleek (Sempervivum Tectorum) all the pieces you
    would ever want in a succulent. Examples: Aloe, Haworthia, Lithops, Sempervivum.
    For summer season, we used rising succulents
    including aeonium, crassula, echeveria, gasteria, haworthia, kalanchoe, sedum, and sempervivum varieties.

    The simplest approach to kill a succulent is by overwatering, so improve your odds by rising them the place water won’t acquire and rot the roots.
    They’re exhausting to kill and versatile sufficient to be used in a variety of inventive projects.
    Not solely are they arduous to kill (and simple to care for), they also are available in a variety of shapes, colours and sizes,
    making it simple to seek out one which fits your
    residing area. The interesting construction of the plant is based on the lengthy clean dark
    inexperienced stems of the plant branching at completely different heights
    making the plant seem like a tree that has lost all its leaves.

    Nothing livens up a home like houseplants, and these two hearty,
    low-maintenance options supply loads of variety.
    1. Succulent cuttings must be two to a few inches lengthy, the underside inch free of leaves.

    These new sets of two leaves are new plants attached
    to the same root system!

  2. If you’ve been fascinated about making the
    leap into holding succulents, but you’re undecided you need to
    keep a giant or something otherwise difficult, the Zebra
    Plant can supply its small measurement, ease of care, and sweet
    charms to your property! “Check with your local plant shop to see what kind of plant will do properly in your house or use online assets before purchasing any houseplant so you can guarantee that it will thrive,” Boldt explained.
    We hand decide and use the best and most colorful succulent plants in all of our gift gadgets.
    Another great reward are succulent wreaths that come in numerous styles or a succulent or cactus present field or basket.
    These plants make nice gifts if your property or different house
    starts to become too crowded. All that stored water
    could make them prone to rot if they sit in a pool of wet dirt.
    Succulents do not wish to have water poured directly on the leaves
    as it will, in some instances, cause rot. Succulents are a simple and
    stress-free manner for newcomers to get into the
    world of indoor plants.

  3. Almost seems to be like an Aloe, but with no spines.
    For example, the Pereskia, when full grown, appears a bit like an orange or grapefruit tree.
    Guangzhou Songtao Synthetic Tree Co., Ltd.
    Chaozhou Yuanwang Ceramic Co., Ltd. Xiamen Friendship Bridge Co.,
    Ltd. Yiwu Yantai Craft Co., Ltd. Yiwu Pinrui Crafts
    Co., Ltd. Qingdao Fuboyuan Arts & Crafts Co., Ltd.
    Qingdao Yboland Arts & Crafts Co., Ltd. Guangzhou Mingchuang Backyard Landscape Co., Ltd.
    Guangzhou Sheng Jie Artificial Plants Ltd.
    Guangzhou Susan Landscape Artificial Plants Co., Ltd.

    Ningbo Zhenhai Weizhi Digital Co., Ltd. Ningbo Yinzhou Tingbin International Commerce Co., Ltd.
    Ningbo Jsummer Imp. & Exp. 30. A curvy wave planter that might as nicely have come straight out of the sea.

    You may also be able to get a cultivar identify as properly.
    The name for the genus is derived from the Greek “ephemeros” meaning dwelling for
    one day and “anthos” which implies flower. Genus of the month”.

  4. There are a number of steps a person can take to obtain an correct identification, which primarily focuses on using the plant’s
    bodily features as descriptors. Remember to transition slowly a few
    hours at a time once you return your topiary back to the garden. Bagnasco, additionally creator of “Planting Designs for Cactus & Succulents: Indoor and Out of doors Initiatives for Unique, Easy-Care Plants-in All Climates,”
    (Cool Springs Press) is president and co-host of the nationally syndicated Backyard America Radio Show, a program that reaches 1.1 million listeners each weekend.
    A potted Christmas cactus is a superb present to provide any relative, in-law, neighbor,
    or good friend who invites you into their dwelling through the vacation season. Aeoniums have their rising season through the winter.

    If you wish to grow them outdoors within the brilliant solar, acclimate them early
    in the season or round springtime. After this
    past summer I realized that I had a deep interest in succulents, I
    instantly wished to study all the things I might about propagation, care
    and identification.Once i see a species that’s new to
    me, I want to analysis it and read all about it. You’ll want to choose one thing that has a number
    of drainage holes alongside the underside.

  5. Does your site have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but,
    I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it expand over time.

  6. I simply could not go away your site before suggesting that I really enjoyed the usual information an individual provide
    to your guests? Is gonna be again regularly to check out new posts

  7. Your style is very unique compared to other folks I have read stuff from.

    I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this site.

  8. Hey there, You have done an incredible job. I’ll certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends.

    I am sure they will be benefited from this website.

  9. Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i
    subscribe for a blog site? The account helped
    me a appropriate deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered vibrant transparent idea

  10. Hi there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group?

    There’s a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content.
    Please let me know. Thanks

  11. We’re a group of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.

    Your site offered us with valuable info to work on. You have performed an impressive job and our entire group can be thankful to you.

  12. Hello there, I found your website by the use of Google while looking for a related topic, your web site got here up, it seems to be good.
    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hi there, simply become alert to your weblog thru Google, and located that it’s truly informative.
    I am going to be careful for brussels. I will be grateful for those who continue this in future.
    Numerous other people will be benefited from your writing.

    Cheers!

  13. Spot on with this write-up, I truly feel this amazing site needs a lot more attention. I’ll probably be back again to read
    through more, thanks for the info!

  14. Hi would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m planning to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a difficult time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and
    I’m looking for something completely unique. P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  15. Hey! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate!
    He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this page to him.

    Fairly certain he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  16. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thanks, However I am going
    through problems with your RSS. I don’t know why I cannot subscribe to it.
    Is there anybody else having similar RSS issues?
    Anyone that knows the answer will you kindly respond?
    Thanx!!

  17. Thanks for some other informative site. Where else may just I am getting that type of info written in such a perfect way?
    I have a undertaking that I’m simply now working on, and I’ve been at the look out
    for such info.

  18. Hi! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so
    I came to take a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to
    my followers! Great blog and wonderful design and style.

  19. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished
    to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog
    posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write
    again very soon!

  20. I used to be suggested this website by way of my cousin. I am no longer positive whether this put up
    is written through him as no one else recognize such certain about
    my trouble. You’re incredible! Thanks!

  21. You really make it appear so easy along with your presentation but I to find this matter to be really something that I think I might never understand.
    It kind of feels too complicated and extremely large for me.
    I’m looking forward in your next submit, I’ll try to get
    the hang of it!

  22. I am really enjoying the theme/design of your website.

    Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility problems?
    A few of my blog readers have complained about my site
    not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Chrome.
    Do you have any ideas to help fix this problem?

  23. Thank you, I’ve recently been searching for info about this topic for
    ages and yours is the greatest I’ve discovered till now.
    However, what about the bottom line? Are you positive in regards
    to the source?

  24. great post, very informative. I ponder why the
    opposite specialists of this sector don’t notice this.
    You must proceed your writing. I am sure, you have a huge readers’ base already!

  25. hello there and thank you for your info – I’ve certainly picked up
    something new from right here. I did however expertise a few
    technical points using this site, since I experienced to
    reload the website many times previous to I could get it to load correctly.
    I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK?
    Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances
    times will sometimes affect your placement in google and could damage your high quality
    score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look out for
    a lot more of your respective interesting content.
    Ensure that you update this again soon.

  26. Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed!
    Very helpful info specially the last part 🙂 I care for
    such info a lot. I was seeking this particular information for a very long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

  27. This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more
    of your wonderful post. Also, I have shared your website in my social networks!

  28. I don’t know if it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else experiencing
    problems with your site. It appears like some of the text in your content are
    running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback
    and let me know if this is happening to them as well? This could be a problem with my browser because
    I’ve had this happen previously. Kudos

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *