A virtual nuclear reactor and artificial intelligence in transport: Russian universities develop leading innovation projects

Russian universities are working on the development of artificial intelligence (AI) within the framework of the Program of academic leadership ‘Priority 2030’, promoted by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russia. According to Russian President Vladimir Putin, AI is “the foundation for the next leap forward of all humanity in its development. “

Thus, various educational institutions are conducting research in different technological areas, to ensure Russia’s world leadership in this regard.

Virtual nuclear reactor: more opportunities

In particular, the Moscow Physical Engineering Institute (MEPhI) is creating for educational purposes the virtual nuclear reactor that constitutes the digital replica of a nuclear facility. The project is part of a massive trend to use digital copies of any object: in this way, replicas not only allow students to learn more about nuclear facilities, but also help them work more effectively in any field, from the company until construction.

“The digital twins of engineering complex objects can be used not only in higher education, but also as a training base for operational personnel in an additional training modality. In addition, this project can be widely used for the promotion of scientific knowledge, the scientific tourism and to increase the interest of young people in modern digital technologies “, he pointed Gueorgui Tijomirov, deputy director of the Institute of Physics and Nuclear Technology of the MEPhI.

Tijomirov also asserted that the virtual nuclear reactor will allow to do things that cannot be done in a real installation: increase the power and see how it affects the performance of the reactor, replace equipment components, connect or disconnect various devices.

Develop foreign economic cooperation in the field of artificial intelligence

For its part, the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) founded in October of this year the Center for Artificial Intelligence with the aim of conducting research on the ethics of AI and developing foreign economic cooperation in this field. “The creation of the Center will facilitate the participation of Russian experts in the promotion of AI and the debate of new approaches on the use of AI in Russian and foreign platforms,” ​​said Anna Abrámova, director of the division, adding that the organization it also plans to “publish an annual report on ethics in AI, which will be of interest to both experts in the field and the general public.”

The first event organized by the Center was the round table ‘Ethics in AI – Seeking consensus’ in which the report ‘Ethics in the field of artificial intelligence: from debate to scientific justification and practical application’ was presented. . Also, on December 15, the international conference ‘AI Global Dimension: from discussion to practice’ took place.

Among other things, the MGIMO has, since 2018, a successful Master’s program in Artificial Intelligence that trains specialists in the practical application of technology in companies.

Artificial intelligence in the field of transport

The Russian University of Transport (RUT, for its acronym in Russian) carries out the strategic project ‘Neurotechnology, artificial intelligence and predictive analytics for transport and logistics’ with the aim of achieving world technological leadership in this field. It is not only a matter of applying new technologies in all areas of transport – water, air, rail, road – but also of training new professionals.

Thus, among other things, the RUT plans to launch a bachelor’s program in 2023 and in 2024, a master’s program in Neurotechnology, artificial intelligence and predictive analysis in transportation systems. The fields of application of the new specialists are very varied: biometric and facial recognition at checkpoints, quality control of roads, increased productivity in logistics processes where there is still a high proportion of manual work.

  • ‘Priority 2030’ is the most ambitious public university transformation program in the history of Russia, which began in June this year with the aim of creating by 2030 a large group of leading universities in the field of higher education, innovation and new scientific knowledge.
  • In 2021, 121 Russian universities became participants in the academic leadership program.
  • 106 universities participating in the ‘Priority 2030’ program annually receive grants ranging from 100 million rubles ($ 13.5 million) to 1 billion rubles ($ 135 million) in state aid.

 

Original post: https://marketresearchtelecast.com/a-virtual-nuclear-reactor-and-artificial-intelligence-in-transport-russian-universities-develop-leading-innovation-projects/234374/

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